3rd Missouri Infantry


1861/2011

 

Missouri State Guard Impression

 

The 2011 reenacting year will see 150th anniversary event in Missouri at Wilson's Creek, Lexington, Booneville, Cole Camp, Carthage, and others.  All of these events with 1861 dates and 150th annv. dates in 2011 will be a Missouri State Guard impression.  This impression will be the guideline for all 150th avvn. events in Missouri in 2011.  The Missouri State Guard impression is that of a civilian solider.  Most of these men came straight off the farm, or right out of the city with little to no military experience. These men of the Missouri State Guard did not officially join the regular Confederate Army until 1862, but answered the call to arms of Governer of Missouri, Claiborne Fox Jackson, in early 1861 after the Missouri State Legislature passed the "Military Bill" on May 11, 1861, in direct response to the Camp Jackson Affair in St. Louis the previous day. The final version of the act approved on May 14 authorized the disbanding of the old informal Missouri State Militia and reforming it as the Missouri State Guard to resist a feared invasion by the Union Army.

 

Recruits for the Missouri State Guard began to quickly assemble in Jefferson City in mid-May. However, after an agreement, the Price-Harney Truce on May 20 between Price and the Federal department commander William S. Harney, the call up was halted. On May 30, Harney was relieved and Nathaniel Lyon took command of the department. On June 11, a meeting to resolve some disagreements resulted in the collapse of the truce. Price and Jackson fled St. Louis for Jefferson City. The next day Governor Jackson called for 50,000 volunteers to defend Missouri from the Union army; thousands of men answered the proclamation and enlisted in their respective districts/divisions. 

 

Again these men came straight off the farm, or out of the city with little to no military experience.  As such they arrived ready to enlist in the Guard dressed in what they wore from day to day as Missouri citizens and civilians.  They came baring the rifle over the hearth not knowing where the war would take them.  Without the resources of the Confederate Government these citizen soldiers served in the Missouri State Guard without standardized uniforms or regular military equipment.  At Cowskin Prairie in July 1861 many of the men in the Missouri State Guard had already gone through some of their clothes and where given bolts of cloth and patterns to make their own. It is thought that around 30% of the men had some uniformity on a company level even if it was motley and not regular army issue uniforms.  Below are the clothing and equipment guidelines to follow when working on and putting together your Missouri State Guard impression for the 2011 reenacting year in Missouri.  

Clothing

Coats / Over-shirts:

Civilian Over-shirt (made from wool, wool jean, cotton, linen, or cotton jean)

Civilian Over-shirt "Battle Shirt" (made from wool, wool jean, cotton, linen, or cotton jean) trimmed with velvet, wool, or worsted wool tape

Civilian Sack Coat (made from wool, wool jean, or linen)

Civilian Frock Coat (made from wool broadcloth or linen)

Militia Jacket (with documentation)

Vest (there is one photo of MSG wearing vest with no jacket)

Trousers:

Civilian Overalls (made from cotton or wool jean)

Civilian fly or fall front trousers (made from linen or wool broadcloth)

Civilian workman’s trousers (made from wool, wool jean or cotton jean)

Headgear:

Civilian slouch hate / Civilian bell crown or straight top-hat / Straw hat

Civilian wheel cap / Mexican war forage cap / A few federal kepis

Shirts:

Civilian cotton, linen, or wool shirt / Printed cotton shirt

Drawers:

 

Civilian pattern (made from cotton or muslin) 

Socks:

 

Wool or cotton knit civilian pattern socks

 

Equipment

Cartridge Box:

Civilian shot-bag / Haversack / M1839 Cartridge Box / M1808 Cartridge Box

 

Belt:

Civilian double or single roller buckle / Militia web belt

No Confederate belts

Cap Box:

Mexican War Pattern Box / Militia Pattern Box / Carry caps in pocket

NO Confederate cap boxes

Bayonet Scabbard:

Mexican War Pattern / Militia web sling pattern / Go with our a bayonet and scabbard

NO Confederate patterns

Haversacks:

Mexican War Pattern / Cotton or linen civilian pattern / Tapestry or carpet bag haversack

Canteen:

Wooden canteen / Tin drum canteen / Civilian glass bottle / Gourd Canteen

Mexican War Pattern wood canteen

Bed-rolls / Knapsacks:

Blanket or quilt bell-roll / Mexican War knapsack (not Confederate copies of this pattern)

Militia Hard Pack

 

Weapons:

Civilian hunting rifle (percussion or flintlock) / Civilian double or single barrel shotgun

M1795 Springfield flintlock / M1816/1822 Springfield flintlock or conversion

 

M1842 Springfield Musket / Mississippi Rifle (M1841)

Civilian or Military single shot pistols / Civilian or Military revolvers (per 1860 models)

Farm tools / Pikes / Wooden clubs  

 

M1861 Springfield or Enfield (if thats all you have)

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